To get to Maras we will leave Cusco around 09:00 am in the direction to the green valleys and blue skies of Urubamba. The salt mines, they help to create this effect of displaying a white and blue colors spectacle of real beauty. The Salt mines are located on a wide-open hill above the Urubamba Valley, a natural salt water stream runs underground.
Since pre-Incan times, locals are evaporating the salty water from this stream in order to obtain the salt what is left. Our guide for this Maras Moray tour will tell you how the salt effect happen. Basically, the highly salty water emerges at a spring, a natural outlet of the underground stream.
The flow is directed into an intricate system of tiny channels constructed so that the water runs gradually down onto the several hundred ancient terraced ponds which you will visit during this tour. The water, which is exposed to the sun, leaves salt on the land. Viewed from the peak, the myriad of rectangles seems an enormous painting.
Finished our visit to the salt mines near Maras, we will continue to Moray and visiting the ruins as a part of our tour. The Moray ruins are composed of three big circles in appearance similar to Roman coliseums, which are thought to have been used by the Incas as a sort of open-air crop laboratory.
The circles are many enormous terraced circular depressions, the largest is about 30m/98ft deep. The purpose of these depressions is still uncertain but their depth and orientation with respect to the wind and sun create a big temperature difference between the top and bottom. This large temperature difference was possibly used by the Incas to study the effects of different climatic conditions on crops.
In the afternoon, we will return you back to your hotel in Cusco.